Treatment Options For Glaucoma

Glaucoma is a horrible disease that can strike anyone. It is a disease that occurs due to damaged optic nerves. Excessive eye pressure can cause damage, and it is sometimes inherited.

As time goes by, the patients can expect the worst-case scenario if this disease is left untreated. Thankfully, there are treatment options available to somehow prevent its further damage.

DIAGNOSIS

If the patients are experiencing symptoms such as haziness in their vision, redness in their eyes, eye pain, they should visit a doctor. There are some tests that are done by the doctor to detect the cases in each patient. In glaucoma, the specific tests that are done are the following:

  • Tonometry or measuring the intraocular pressure
  • Dilated eye examination and imaging test for optic nerve damage
  • Visual field test
  • Pachymetry or measuring the thickness of the cornea
  • Gonioscopy Inspecting the drainage angle

TREATMENT

After checking the patients’ case, the doctors will recommend the treatment that they seem fit. The treatments may be subject to the following:

  • Eye drops
  • Oral medication
  • Laser therapy
  • Surgery

Eye drops are applicable for the mild and early stages. They reduce the pressure in the eyes because they improve the fluid drains from the patients’ eyes. It usually varies per patient, but some known prescriptions are:

  • Prostaglandins
  • Beta-blockers
  • Miotic or cholinergic agents

It is advisable to close your eyes after taking the eye drops and press the corner of your eyes lightly to minimize the absorption.

Oral medication is applicable for patients who are not treated with eye drops. In most cases, doctors recommend a carbonic anhydrase inhibitor to minimize the intraocular pressure.

Laser therapy is mostly used to raise the flow of the fluid around your eye. It uses a small laser beam to open-angle glaucoma patients to open the clogged channels in the trabecular meshwork.

Surgery. This situation is done more than once to secure that there is little to no trace of glaucoma. There is filtering surgery or called trabeculectomy where they remove a part of the trabecular meshwork and create an opening in the sclera or the white of the eye.

To wrap this up, there are several ways to treat glaucoma. Moreover, there are still some measures that could be done to take care of your eyes as well as your overall health as a human being. Eat healthily and be active. Sounds old but it is still true.

Can You Prevent Cataracts?

With eye problems, cataracts are one of the most well-known and prevalent. The National Eye Institute estimated that approximately 24.4 million Americans aged 40 and above suffer from it.

The cause of this insidious disease is not yet determined. But certain conditions and lifestyle choices predispose it. Just like any other disease, it is a combination of a plethora of predisposing factors.

There is no exact textbook way to prevent cataracts. However, years of research and documentation revealed that by observing certain practices and reducing certain behaviors, the possibility of developing them lessens.

Of course, genetics play an essential role in developing eye defects such as it. But that alone cannot render you blind. Your environment and practice make or breaks what your parents gave to you.

Here are several things that you can do to lessen your predisposition towards the eye defect.

A. Reduce UV exposure.

Ultraviolet or UV is the enemy of your skin. When your dermatologist told you that you should wear sunblock, you should have taken him seriously. Concurrently, your eyes are also sensitive to UV. One study showed that wearing sunglasses reduces the damage caused by UV on your lenses, effectively reducing the chances of developing it.

B. Eat right.

Another study suggested that by consuming foods rich in antioxidants, you can protect your eyes. Antioxidants deter cell death. By increasing it, you are reducing the accumulation of damage on your lenses.

It is important to include fruits and vegetables in your diet. They are a valuable source of nutrients and minerals that can also help fight cell death.

C. Avoid smoking.

Smoking gives rise to a host of respiratory problems. Lung cancer is no joke. But their meeting highlighted that smoking does not only bring out your lung disease. It so raises the possibility of getting a cataract.

D. Lay low on the alcoholic beverages.

Like smoking, alcohol can also increase the risk of getting this disease.

E. Take care of your health.

Lifestyle diseases like hypertension and diabetes have genetic implications. Taking care of your health by maintaining your blood pressure and sugar levels will most likely decrease the likelihood of getting the disease. By lowering your blood pressure and sugar levels, you can avoid both conditions from inflicting further damage on your body.

F. Have yourself checked.

To prevent and delay any disease, you must visit your doctor regularly. Furthermore, any disorder still in its early stages is detected early, giving time for early treatment. 

When You Suffer A Detached Retina, Time Is Of the Essence

The sense of sight is essential to us. It helps us make sense of the world around us and appreciate the beauty of nature. But certain conditions can affect it- some of which can rob us permanently of eyesight.

Retinal detachment is a condition wherein the patient suffers from a detached retina.

What exactly is a retinal detachment?

Your retina belongs in the receptor part of your visual apparatus. It activates the optic nerve to relay the information into the brain.

The result of this relay is seeing.

When the retina is detached, the visual pathway is compromised. You are no longer able to perceive light.

A detached retina can start with a simple tear. It progresses when the fluid from the vitreous humor or the choroid enters the retina and facilitates its detachment. It is a non-painful process with a few telling signs.

What are the symptoms of retinal detachment?

Retinal detachment is non-painful, making the detection of the disorder difficult. But there are still signs that you can remember to determine whether the person is suffering from it or not.

  • Flashes of light in one eye or both. It can be continuous or intermittent.
  • There is obstruction of your visual field. It’s as if a shadow or a carpet has draped over your vision.
  • Floaters in one eye or both.

If you detect any or all of the three, you need to contact your ophthalmologist right away.

What are the possible treatments?

There are several treatment options for retinal detachment. With vision loss as a consequence, you must seek medical help immediately.

Typically, the surgeon may either use photocoagulation or cryopexy techniques.

With photocoagulation, the doctor uses a high-powered laser and joins your retina with scar tissue. It results in partial blindness, with the scar tissue sight serving as the blind area. Cryopexy, on the other hand, uses a freezing technique that would introduce scar tissue. The purpose of this tissue is the same as photocoagulation. Hence, it also results in partial blindness.

Other techniques involve the introduction of an air bubble into the eye. It would force the retina back to its place. Another one would be scleral buckling, which essentially indents and relieves the pressure.

Information is power. By knowing the symptoms, causes, and treatment for retinal detachment, you can now make informed decisions in the time of emergency. Remember, time is of the essence. Contact your doctor immediately at the first sign.