The sense of sight is essential to us. It helps us make sense of the world around us and appreciate the beauty of nature. But certain conditions can affect it- some of which can rob us permanently of eyesight.
Retinal detachment is a condition wherein the patient suffers from a detached retina.
What exactly is a retinal detachment?
Your retina belongs in the receptor part of your visual apparatus. It activates the optic nerve to relay the information into the brain.
The result of this relay is seeing.
When the retina is detached, the visual pathway is compromised. You are no longer able to perceive light.
A detached retina can start with a simple tear. It progresses when the fluid from the vitreous humor or the choroid enters the retina and facilitates its detachment. It is a non-painful process with a few telling signs.
What are the symptoms of retinal detachment?
Retinal detachment is non-painful, making the detection of the disorder difficult. But there are still signs that you can remember to determine whether the person is suffering from it or not.
- Flashes of light in one eye or both. It can be continuous or intermittent.
- There is obstruction of your visual field. It’s as if a shadow or a carpet has draped over your vision.
- Floaters in one eye or both.
If you detect any or all of the three, you need to contact your ophthalmologist right away.
What are the possible treatments?
There are several treatment options for retinal detachment. With vision loss as a consequence, you must seek medical help immediately.
Typically, the surgeon may either use photocoagulation or cryopexy techniques.
With photocoagulation, the doctor uses a high-powered laser and joins your retina with scar tissue. It results in partial blindness, with the scar tissue sight serving as the blind area. Cryopexy, on the other hand, uses a freezing technique that would introduce scar tissue. The purpose of this tissue is the same as photocoagulation. Hence, it also results in partial blindness.
Other techniques involve the introduction of an air bubble into the eye. It would force the retina back to its place. Another one would be scleral buckling, which essentially indents and relieves the pressure.
Information is power. By knowing the symptoms, causes, and treatment for retinal detachment, you can now make informed decisions in the time of emergency. Remember, time is of the essence. Contact your doctor immediately at the first sign.